Candace Tsai

Associate Professor


Academic Titles/Accomplishments/Affiliations:

ScD, Cleaner Production & Occupational Hygiene, University of Massachusetts Lowell, MA, USA
MS, Management Science, University of Massachusetts Lowell, MA, USA
MS, Chemical Engineering, Yuan-Ze University, Taiwan
BS, Chemical Engineering, Taunghai University, Taiwan

Research interest:

Dr. Tsai’s research interests address diverse aspects of environmental health and safety, and industrial hygiene – with a special focus on nanomaterials, advanced materials and nanotechnology. Her research involves innovative interdisciplinary collaborations, and she is currently pursuing critical research in exposure assessments, occupational hygiene practices, sampling techniques, engineering controls, and the biological effects associated with various forms of airborne particle exposure. Currently, her primary research activities include:
1) Occupational exposure assessments for airborne particles;
2) Particle sampling and sensing techniques for the mining workplace and advanced materials;
3) Personal protective equipment and engineering control techniques for worker protection and pollution prevention including protective clothing, masks, filtration mechanisms, and local exhaust ventilation systems;
4) Interactions of airborne pollutants or nanoparticles with contacting surfaces;
5) Use of computational fluid dynamic (CFD) models for aerosol and virus exposure, and airflow simulation;
6) The biological responses and nanomaterial distributions associated with nanomaterial intake using in vivo and in vitro models; and other topics related to exposure and safety considerations.

Dr. Candace Tsai is an Associate Professor in the Department of Environmental Health Sciences at UCLA. She is a Certified Industrial Hygienist (CIH) and has several years of practical experience in industry and business settings.  She has been working on multidisciplinary research projects and collaborates with scientists in the U.S. and internationally.  She has applied her expertise in research and teaching, in the fields of health science, aerosol science, toxicology, engineering, human protection, and policy. She serves as a board member in the Sustainable Nanotechnology Organization, as Associate Editor for Journal of Nanoparticle Research, and on the Editorial Advisory Board for ACS Chemical Health and Safety Journal. With her special expertise in nanomaterials, she has served as an expert for the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) in the nanotechnology programs and she currently serves as a Threshold Limit Value (TLV) committee candidate for the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH).


Ellenbecker, M.J., and Tsai, S., Health and Safety Considerations for Working with Engineered Nanoparticles, Wiley Interscience, 2015.

Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Tsai, C.S.J.*, Shin, N., Brune, J., Evaluation of sub micrometer sized particles generated from diesel locomotive and drilling within an experimental underground mine, Annals of Work Exposures and Health, July 28, 2020.

Back, D., Theisen, D., Seo, W., Tsai, C.S.J.*, Janes, D.*, Development of Interdigitated Capacitive Sensor for Real-time Monitoring of Sub-micron and Nanoscale Particulate Matters in Personal Sampling Device for Mining Environment, IEEE Sensors Journal, May 20, 2020.

Calcaterra, H., Shin, N., Quirk, P., Tsai, C.S.J.*, Low Concentration Analysis of Silver Nanoparticles in Consumer Spray Products, Atmosphere, 11, 403, April 17, 2020.

Khattak, J., Theisen, D., Tsai, C.S.J.*, Sampling Techniques on Collecting Fine Carbon Nanotube Fibers for Exposure Assessment, Scientific Reports, 9, article number: 7137, 2019.

Shin, N., Velmurugan, K., Su, C., Bauer, A., Tsai, C.S.J.*, Assessment of fine particles emitted during paper printing and shredding processes, Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts, 21, 1342-1352, 2019.

Tsai, C.S.J.*, Theisen, D., A sampler designed for nanoparticles and respirable particles with direct analysis feature, Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 20:209, 2018.

Ellenbecker, M., Tsai, C.S.J., Jacobs, M., Riedeker, M., Peters, T., Liou, S., Avila, A., Foss-Hanson, S., The difficulties in establishing an occupational exposure limit for carbon nanotubes, Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 20:131, 2018.

Pastrana, H., Avila, A., Tsai, C.S.J.*, Nanomaterials in cosmetics products: the challenges with regard to current legal frameworks and consumer exposure, NanoEthics, Aug. 12(2), 2018.

Lo, L., Tsai, C.S.J.*, Heitbrink, W., Dunn, K., Topmiller, J., Ellenbecker, M., Particle emissions from laboratory activities involving carbon nanotubes, Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 19:293, 2017.

Tsai, S.*, Shin, N., Castano, A., Khattak, J., Wilkerson, A., Lamport, N., A pilot study on particle emission from printer paper shredders, Aerosol Science and Technology, 1-12, 2017.

Shinde, A., Tsai, S.*, Toxicity mechanism in fetal lung fibroblast cells for multi-walled carbon nanotubes defined by chemical impurities and dispersibility, Toxicology Research, 5:248-258, 2016.

Tsai, S.*, Dysart, A., Beltz, J., Pol, V., Identification and mitigation of generated solid by-products during advanced electrode materials processing, Environmental Science and Technology, 50(5):2627-2634, 2016.

Tsai, S.*, Contamination and release of nanomaterials associated with the use of personal protective clothing, Annals of Occupational Hygiene, 59(4):491-503, 2015.

Tsai, S.*, Hofmann, M., Kong, J., Hallock, M., Ada, E., Ellenbecker, M., Assessment of exhaust emissions from carbon nanotube production and particle collection by sampling filters, Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, 65(11):1376-1385, 2015.

Liou, S.H., Tsai, S., Pelclova, D., Schubauer-Berigan, M., Schulte, P., Assessing the first wave of epidemiological studies of nanomaterial workers, Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 17:413, 2015.

Lo, L., Tsai, S.*, Dunn, K., Hammond, D., Marlow, D., Topmiller, J., Ellenbecker, M., Performance of particulate containment at nanotechnology workplaces, Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 17:435, 2015.

Gordon, S., Butala, J., Carter, J., Elder, A., Gordon, T., Gray, G., Sayre, P., Schulte, P., Tsai, S., West, J., Workshop report: strategies for setting occupational exposure limits for engineered nanomaterials, Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, 68:305-311, 2014.

Dunn, K., Tsai, S., Woskie, S., Bennett, J., Garcia, A., Ellenbecker, M., Evaluation of leakage from fume hoods using tracer gas, tracer nanoparticles and nanopowder handling test methodologies, Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 11(10):D164-D173, 2014.

Tsai, S.*, Echevarría-Vega, M., Sotiriou, G., Santeufemio, C., Schmidt, D., Demokritou, P., Ellenbecker, M., Evaluation of environmental filtration control to engineered nanoparticles using the Harvard versatile engineered nanomaterial generation system (VENGES), Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 14:812, 2012.

Ellenbecker, M., Tsai, S., Engineered nanoparticles: safer substitutes for toxic materials, or a new hazard? Journal of Cleaner Production, 19(5):483-487, 2011.

Tsai, S.*, Huang, R.F., Ellenbecker, M., Airborne nanoparticle exposures while using conventional, constant velocity and air-curtain isolated hoods, Annals of Occupational Hygiene, 54(1):78-87, 2010.

Tsai, S.*, Ada, E., Isaacs, J., Ellenbecker, M., Airborne nanoparticle exposures associated with the manual handling of nanoalumina and nanosilver in fume hoods, Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 11(1):147-161, 2009.

Tsai, S.*, Hofmann, M., Kong, J., Hallock, M., Ada, E., Ellenbecker, M., Characterization and evaluation of nanoparticle release during the synthesis of single-walled and multi-walled carbon nanotubes by chemical vapor deposition, Environmental Science and Technology, 43(15):6017-6023, 2009.

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