Air Pollution

Southern California is host to some of the worst air pollution in the nation, and COEH is helping to assess exposure and understand the health effects. UCLA researchers are measuring and modeling the outdoor and indoor movement of air pollutants, and are studying how exposure varies by socio-economic, occupation, and other variables. COEH members also measure the impact of air pollution on human health, including asthma, autism, and birth weight. COEH researchers were first-responders on the Porter Ranch gas leak, measuring population exposures from dangerous gases and particulates.

Being a hub of international trade, with the largest port complex in the country-- the ports of Long Beach and Los Angeles-- Southern California brings in more than 40% of the nation's imported products. Los Angeles also has one of the largest freeway networks in the country, consistently clogged with traffic from the movement of goods as well as the region’s commuter traffic. Yet much of Southern California also continually fails to meet national air quality standards and the Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach are the biggest single source of air pollution in Southern California. “Mobile sources”-- trucks and trains carrying containers from the ports-- add significant pollution to the entire region, with some communities at greater risk because of their being situated near freeways, rail lines or rail yards.

UCLA COEH members have a long history of pioneering this field. COEH Director Michael Jerrett is a leading researcher in air pollution exposure assessment and geospatial modeling, one of the most frequently cited scholars in this field. COEH faculty member Beate Ritz has been a leader in air pollution research, exploring roadway pollutants and their impacts on pregnant women, infants and children. COEH faculty member Yifang Zhu specializes in quantitative exposure/risk assessments on ultrafine particles and aerosols from various indoor and outdoor sources.

 

Member and Associate Projects

Coogan (PI), Jerrett (PI)                                                                                                  
National Institutes of Health
2011-2016
Air pollution and risk of incident hypertension and diabetes in U.S. black women.
To evaluate whether exposure to air pollution increases the risks of incident hypertension and type 2 diabetes in a cohort of 59,000 African American women from across the U.S.

 

Annesi-Maesano (PI), Jerrett (PI)                                                      
European Commission           
2013-2018
To examine effects in European cohorts multiple and cumulative exposures on birth, respiratory and metabolic health outcomes.

 

Jerrett, M. (PI)                                                                       
Burea of Land Management  
2014-2017                                                                              
Health effects from wildfire air pollution: a spatiotemporal modeling approach
Understanding the public health impacts associated with wildfire smoke exposure by creating a spatiotemporal ozone model for exposure to the 2008 northern California fires.